Key Laboratory of Mesoscale Severe Weather (Nanjing University), Ministry of Education (LMSWE), formerly known as National Specialized Laboratory of Mesoscale Severe Weather established in 1991, was selected as the key laboratory of Ministry of Education in 2000. It now serves as one of the institutions that first specialize in mesoscale severe weather research and high-level talent training. Its main research directions include:
Theoretical and methodological study on monitoring mesoscale severe weather that affects China, including its formation mechanism and prediction. These researches focus on the kinetics mechanism of the genesis and development of severe convection weather and rainstorm in China, the predictability of mesoscale severe weather, fundamental researches related to quantitative precipitation forecast in the monsoon regions, and putting forward effective monitoring, forecast theories and technologies on mesoscale severe weather.
Typhoon dynamics and its forecast. The studies of this direction focus on dynamical theory study on the genesis and intensity of typhoon, sudden change of typhoon path and the anomalous distribution of wind and rain of landing typhoon; the application and assimilation of multi-source remote sensing and telemetering data in typhoon research; monitoring and forecasting technologies on landing typhoon.
Research on the theories and application of Doppler weather radar and satellite sounding. This research direction focuses on the study of meso- and micro-scale severe convection weather system, rainstorm and typhoon through Doppler weather radar and satellite sounding; retrieval, assimilation and application of radar and satellite remote sensing data; development and application of remote sensing technologies like radars and satellites.
Research on the regional disastrous climate change and the application of climate resources. Researches of this direction are focused on the study of regional climate change and the application of climate resources, and evaluating the influence of human activities on regional climate change and climate resources; developing effective theories and methods on regional downscaling simulation.
Institute for Climate and Global Change Research (ICGCR), Nanjing University, established in 2009, is an interdisciplinary research institute that combines atmospheric sciences, earth sciences, geographic sciences, environmental sciences, ecological sciences and economic and social sciences, and serves as an important base for integrated research on climate and global change and for training of interdisciplinary, high-level and innovative talents. Based on features and advantages in the research field of monsoon climate system and environment of Nanjing University, the institute mainly studies: coupled system of atmosphere-hydrosphere-cryosphere-lithosphere and biosphere, namely, the key development process of Earth System and influence of human activities; disaster, environment and resource effect of East Asia monsoon climate system changes; prediction and evaluation of severe disasters under the influence of climate change in China; theories, methods and technologies to adapt to climate change.
The core scientific problem to solve is the relation among the Asian monsoon system in global change, the earth system, and sustainable development of human beings. To solve the problem, the institute mainly focuses on the following six research areas: laws and causes of climate and environment changes in monsoon regions; the influence of large-scale urbanization on regional water, carbon and energy circulation; development and simulation of numerical models of regional earth system; application of remote sensing information and technologies in the research of regional changes; low-carbon economy and sustainable development; R&D of emission reduction, carbon capture and storage technologies.
Collaborative Innovation Center for Climate Change, fostered in Nanjing University in 2012 and approved by Jiangsu Provincial Government in 2013, was the first government-supported frontier collaborative innovation center nationwide specializing in climate change. The center has gathered backbone talents from seven domestic universities and four national institutes to deal with major scientific problems including the law, mechanism, prediction, influence and human adaption of monsoon climate system changes so as to provide a scientific basis for the sustainable economic and social development and for decision-making on disaster prevention and reduction, and coping with climate change nationally and regionally in the following ten to thirty years.
The Joint International Research Laboratory of Atmospheric and Earth System Sciences (JirLATEST) was built by Nanjing University and the University of Helsinki, based on their respective strengths in the atmospheric and earth sciences, to advance science frontiers and to meet national development requirements. JirLATEST was co-founded by Prof. Congbin Fu, Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Director of the Institute of Climate and Global Change Research at Nanjing University, and Academy Professor Markku Kulmala, Dean of Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research at the University of Helsinki, to serve as an important platform for conducting collaborative researches and for training next generation scientists in earth and environment sciences.
CMA-NJU Joint Laboratory for Climate Prediction Studies (LCPS) will focus on the frontier areas including the mechanism and predictability of regional climate variability in East Asia, development and evaluation of global climate models, global climate phenomena and key technologies on short-term climate prediction in East Asia to tackle key technological problems, so as to lay a scientific foundation for commercializing climate prediction achievements and improving modern meteorological services.
LCPS is an open entity-functioning research institute consisting of 68 fixed members including permanent researchers, postdoctors, doctoral and master degree candidates and visiting scholars. The lab adopts the co-director system, and an academic committee composed of 25 well-known experts in relevant fields at home and abroad gives advices to the lab development. It also possesses relevant cooperative platforms for researching, training, communication and pilotscale experiment. The lab has three joint research groups: model development and evaluation group, seasonal-interannual prediction group and subseasonal-seasonal prediction group. These research groups conduct scientific research in three corresponding directions, namely, the mechanism and predictability of regional climate variability in East Asia, development and evaluation of global climate models, global climate phenomena and key technologies on short-term climate prediction in East Asia.
Its goal is to improve the accuracy of climate prediction, keep up with the international frontiers, address the key technological problems conditioning the reliability and accuracy of climate prediction while doing innovative fundamental research and technological development and integration, foster sci-tech talents in climate prediction so as to offer technological support to the commercialization of climate prediction achievements and enhance climate prediction ability. Meanwhile, the lab innovates its operation mechanism and explores inter-institute collaborative innovation mechanism, gradually making it into a national key research base for climate prediction.
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Atmospheric Sciences BuildingNanjing University · Xianlin Campus163 Xianlin Road, Qixia DistrictNanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210023